What Are the Different Uses of Borosilicate Glass?

What are the different uses of borosilicate glass?

What Are the Different Uses of Borosilicate Glass? 1

Although you may think that all glass is composed of the same base materials, there is a broad range of types of glass to suit different purposes. Glass can be created using different base chemicals and compounds to create different strengths and qualities.Once such type of specialized glass is Borosilicate - this kind of glass has a wide range of uses and is created using a specific process and materials; one trade name of Borosilicate you may recognize is Pyrex. Borosilicate was first developed in Germany in the 19th century and has been created under various trade names since its inception.What is the manufacturing process of creating Borosilicate Glass?As with other types of glass, Borosilicate is created via a melting process at extreme temperatures. Indeed Borosilicate is melted at a much higher temperature than standard silicate glass, and this required the development of new melting techniques to cope with the process. n nWhat are the physical characteristics of Borosilicate Glass?n nBorosilicate glass exhibits many characteristics that are similar to standardized glass. Indeed appearance wise it looks the same as an ordinary piece of glass. It also has a range of defining features that set it apart from standard glass and give it its unique set of uses:n n- High resistance to thermal shockn- Less subjective to thermal stressn- Low thermal expansion coefficientn- Less dense than standard soda-glassn- Low refractive indicesn nBorosilicate Glass provides high levels of optical clarity (the glass is extremely clear) and can withstand high pressures and thermal reactions. As you will see below, this makes it ideal for use in laboratories. This type of glass is perfect for use in these situations due to its aforementioned thermal resistance and clarity of vision.Furthermore, Borosilicate glass is used in the following applications:n nHealth & Sciencen- Laboratory glasswaren- Pre-filled syringes and vialsn- Dental cartridgesn- Medical device implantsn- Animal tracking devicesElectronicsn- Pipe coolants in electronic equipmentn- MEMS systemsn nCookwaren- Measuring cupsn- Beverage glasswaren- Microwavable dishesLightingn- High-quality flashlightsn- High-intensity discharge lampsn nMiscn- Telescope glass mirrorsn- Aquarium heatersn- Guitar slidesn- Aerospace components n nAs you can see, this type of glass has a wide range of uses in many different industries and situations. If high-intensity, chemical resistance or high clarity is required; you can almost guarantee that Borosilicate glass will be the material of choice. The following link shows Borosilicate glass products used in Circular Sight Glasses manufactured by Papailias Inc.What are the different uses of borosilicate glass?

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The Scientific Glassblowing Learning Center: Miscellaneous Glassblowing Tip and Tricks

This page is a small collection of glassblowing "secrets" for the glassblower and technician. Many of these glassblowing tips and tricks have been used by scientific glassblowers for years in some form or another. Acknowledgment should be made to The American Scientific Glassblowers Society (ASGS) and its membership. The ASGS has provided via membership contributions to the journal FUSION, video tapes, seminars and symposia the foundation for some of the information presented here: Also see our Home Page for tips and info that merit an entire page of their own. Annealing scientific glassware is necessary for practical and safety reasons, and all your workto remove glass stress prior to handing it over to your customers. For those who are getting started with a home shop and do not have immediate access to proper annealing oven , you may find this tip helpful: Use a kerosene heater as a "temporary annealer". The heater I had used was about the size of a 5 gallon can and was the sole source of heat in the unfinished New England garage where I had my shop. I've placed newly fabricated, water -jacketed flasks with multi-ring seals on top of the kerosene heater to hold until I had a batch of glassware ready for transport to an oven 6 miles away for proper annealing. The heater serves as a transition stage to cooler temperatures, yet produces enough heat to protect the glassware from cold drafts, preventing possible thermal shocks. Note: Be sure you have adequate ventilation when using kerosene heaters. The Corning Museum of Glass has a web page with an excellent video that demonstrates stress in unannealed and properly annealed objects. Cutting flat plate glass may be easier if you follow these tips. Always wear protective eyeware and gloves. 1. Be sure at least one end of your scratch or score goes to the edge of the plate. Line (a) will not break as cleanly as lines (b) and (c). 2. Curved lines can be produced and cut as well. Make one good score by applying even pressure on the glass with the cutting tool. Repeated scoring will not make the glass break easier or produce a clean cut. 3. Wet the scratch with water (a spray bottle will work fine) just prior to breaking. If glass pliers are used, apply them at the edge where the scratch ends. If using the "tap" method, tap on the glass surface opposite the scratch. Start at the scratch end and follow or chase the break across the glass plate. 4. An alternate way of breaking the glass plate is to place a very small diameter rod (c) under the glass plate opposite side of score (b). Wet the scratch. Holding end (a) firmly down, press down on end (d). If you are attempting to remove a strip of glass less than 25mm in width, it is recommended that glass pliers or the "tap" method be used. Cutting tools come in different forms and wheel angles. Wheel angle guidelines are 130-140° for window (float) glass and 88-114° for borosilicate glasses. Fletcher-Terry Company has additional information on glass cutting wheels. You can also request their white paper, "The Principles of Glass Cutting". Holes in glass plate are traditionally cut using water cooled diamond core drills or metal cylinder "cookie cutters" used with an abrasive slurry. The following tool is an inexpensive way of cutting holes using a glass drill. This is also a good method to cut windows for sealing into glass tubing. Use the same slow speed as in using metal cookie cutters. Allow for equal material loss from the glass drill as in the glass plate being drilled. • Use a small diameter rod (2 mm) to seal any holes that may appear in your seal. Attempts at sewing the hole shut with a tungsten pick (as you might with borosilicate glass) do not usually produce satisfactory results. • Develop skills in using lathe speed (centrifugal force) to form large quartz seals. • Proper preparation of the quartz prior to sealing is critical. Prefab all quartz pieces to the proper dimensions. • Keeping the quartz clean at every step will aid in the aesthetic quality of the finished piece. • Be sure the quartz seal is heated completely through. Probably more fabrication seal failures occur from incomplete heat penetration throughout the seal than any other cause. Boxes made from quartz plate are frequently constructed using two torches - simultaneously heating the inside and outside corners during the fabrication process. • Hydrogen and oxygen gases should be used for most quartz working, though propane and oxygen may be used on smaller diameters or thin quartz plate. • The white haze or bloom seen on quartz surfaces after flame working can be minimized by proper pre-seal preparation. Clean quartz, preheating a large area around the seal, and properly adjusting the flame composition will help minimize the bloom. Adjust the flame angle to "brush" the quartz bloom away from the main body of your quartzware. • Baths containing dilute HF Acid/Ammonium Bifluoride and other chemicals are commonly used for cleaning quartz and reducing "bloom". EXTREME CARE should be used and all safety precautions taken before attempting any acid wash. Review this process with your safety representative before use. Attaching quartz capillary of very small internal diameter (

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Back to School Help!Read Details! Get 10Points For1 with Best Outfit!?
go to www.polyvore.com and type in first ay of school and people make collages of what to wear and on the side it tell you wear you can buy it i love that website go check it out• Related QuestionsHow do you like my first chapter?It sounds just like Twilight only difference is the chick is the vamp. I bet next chapter will feature a boy who has an 'aura' that makes her want to suck his blood or something equally ridiculous.Your originality staggers me.------Is this an incredibly stupid idea?technicality you shouldn't get in trouble for that... but i have gotten in trouble for similar things when i was in school... they called it a distraction to other students (i was doing the goth thing before it was popular).------What to wear now in Miami?TRAVEL LIGHT AND ALWAYS BRING A CHANGE OF CLOTHES FOR A NIGHT ON THE TOWN!! tHE BEACH IS THE NECESSARY BIKINI REGARDLESS, AND THE NIGHT LIFE IS NOT MUCH MORE IF YOUR LOOKIN FOR A GREAT TIME...........iT IS MIAMI!!!!!------Should I wear a dress or a skirt on Valentine's Day?It depends upon the weather for me really. Within the fall I like to wear longer skirts and in the wintertime I wear longer ones with my boots, however in the spring and summer I prefer to wear short summer dresses------am looking for a wedding gown that i saw in a magazine years ago, fell in love with it. now cant find it help?Have you gone to a bridal shop yet? There may be some that have an archive of sorts of wedding gowns (photos, magazines, etc) that you may be able to find something close if not 'the one'.Good luck & Congrats------Can anyone read about these dreams for me please?Well, i think you like this guy. But you may be scared and unsure of what your friends think of it. try talking to your friends :)help me? thanks ------how do i look cute with my dress code?oh gosh...wow, that must be tough but one word ACCESSORIES! i now leave you to think...try: hope you find something you like :)------Ladies what is a good outfit for fall weather?girl jeans--ripped.((makes guys look so effin sexy))brown and red colors.((to make you blend in with the season))and some nice high heels that are so god damm gourgous it makes girls jeloushahahhope this helpssexy bioch------How is my intro for my story?i don't think you should say "all the more scary looking" in paragraph # 2. and in paragraph # 3 maybe u should say the doll looked most appauling afyter seeing the red yarn stiched over the mouth. Other than that AWESOME!------How would someone with this personality look/dress like?So if she is wealthy and artistic, probably like beige trousers with a navy blue jacket and white top. OR mayeb this outfit jpg.------This is the first half of chapter 1 in my book I'm writing. Can anyone read it and tell me how it is?omfg that is such a good story it makes me think of the twilight saga i love how you give so many details and describe his face i love the names and you need to keep on writing keep me updated------What shall i do about my daughter starting middle school???!?Woah, when I was that age I went to bed at 9:00 and read for an hour. I would say 8:30 - 10:00. Take her on a shopping spree at Justice. They have 40% off sales and cute clothes too. No more movies and chocolate------does anybody want to make me an outfit?Age: 15 Gender: woman form: in maximum circumstances Skater with incredibly Like, Prep colors: Any shade of green, Black, pink, Blue, pink clothing: T-Shirts, Hoodies, skinny denims shops: PacSun, Delias, heat concern count number, Abercrombie shoes: communicate, autos upload-ons: Necklaces, rings------Back to school clothes shopping list!!?I like girls in jeans. It makes them look more home town like and it doesn't look like they try too much but if you are looking to get this men attention, this might not be what you would like------beauty tips for young teen plz?were just the same but im tall not short lolthis is what goes on menavy blue, tan , dark greensskinny jeansflats or kitten heelst-shirts on long vestslongs coats that elongats your figuehope this helps------shorts and a band-aid, or should i cover it up.?Shorts Shorts Shorts.Oh god Please Do Not Wear A Long Sleeve ShirtUnder A Spaghetti Strap Dress.Just Wear Shorts and Everything Will Be Fine,I Mean If You Have Your Ankle Brace,Then Why Does A Band Aid Matter.------Can i wear a long sleeves dress to prom?Hello:Yeah go for it. but if you'd like to be in style try making one out of clean unused plastic garbage/trash/bin bags. That material is in style these days. I hope I helped, if not I'm sorry.------Can i just wear a t-shirt and pants for ice skating and not a long sleeve or with jacket?well it depends if your a good skater or not ....if its your first time ... wear jeans ... it don't hurt as much when you fall over ... and also wear a jacketthe temperature is normally 0-3 degrees in indoor rinks------Winter mommies...what type of outfit?i live in michigan. so it may be a little different. plus my son was born in march. but he went home in a university of michigan sleeper. we had a huge snow storm the day my son was born too------fashion/dress for teen girls in boston?Boston gets very cold in the fall/winter so make sure you pack a lot of warm clothes such as jackets, sweatshirts/pants, jeans, long sleeves, etc...In September, you could probably wear shorts if it's early in the month------Cute Ways To Dress For School?This Site Might Help You.RE:Cute Ways To Dress For School?I really like blue jeans and layering shirts , what are some things i can use as comfy assecories and some cute casual things to do with my hair THANKS------At a traditional Catholic wedding w/o communion at 7pm, do I have to wear a long dress??I like girls in jeans. It makes them look more home town like and it generally does not look like they try too hard but if you are looking to get this men attention, this might not be what you want------I think one of my students is being neglected/abused?well...don't you have an obligation to report anything out of the ordinary?? I would talk to the guidance counselor at your school and see what the next approach would be...they are better equipped for situations like yours. good luck------I'm fashionably challenged please help?well, 10 things that a teenage girl must have in her wardrobe are1) a little black dress2) a trench coat3) heels4) neutral coloured flats5) neutral coloured handbag6) a cardigan7) a blazer8) a day dress9) good pair of jeans10) an all occasions top------What is your school's dress code?bottoms, below fingertips3finger sleeveswe are allowed to wear any type of shoes, including flipflopspajamas are not a problem, (besides by style)those saggy type hats are acceptable, but not like sports capsheadbands everyone wears themhoodsno------Which of these dresses do you like the most?hey, i like the first one which is pink. It will really suit your age. If you changed the color to Black would also be nice. I have noticed that all of the dresses are short. Yet they are really pretty!------Anyone else have a daughter/s like this?Well u cant get her all dresses because school starts in the fall which means winter is right around the corner and you just said that she'll wear pants wen its cold so yes get her some pants as well :)------Why do females athletes wear tiny clothing and males dont?Sad to say but I think they want to make a fashion statement. Who knows maybe it's an endorsement for the clothing and so they get money for it. You are right others do just fine and even win some!.------Do women care how a man dresses or is that only shallow immature girls who do?Clothes do matter to me, because they tell you a lot about someone.I just know that I'm going to probably get along better with a guy who has really casual style and dresses for comfort and function rather than fashion.------What is the Disneyland dress code you must have to work there?I really like little skirts and the real way i fix it being brief is leggings and coloured tights. Not the methods with holes however the ones that virtually look like leggings but are obviously tights as a result of material------15 year old girl always comes to class with injuries?Yes, because if there is an abusive parent, someone needs to intervene. Same case if this student's injuries were self-inflicted, which would indicate depression.Unless she secretly fights criminals in her free time and picked up injuries from there.------what can i wear over or under this dress to be warm at a New York evening Wedding? Shoes - Or if you don't like them look at the rest of the shoes on the site.------What kind of hairstyle will look nice with this dress?Angel,it incredibly is a quite gown,yet as a guy,i think of somewhat like the type interior the image,it exhibits the gown and your self greater powerful,in case you spot my factor,so have an astounding time to------Why am I the only one to dress for the cold appropriately at school?I asked myself this same question when I moved to CT. In the winter it gets cold. However, I see many people in shorts and a zipped or pullover sweater. No lie, I even seen this one girl in flip flops.------Anyone with a sense of fashion... please help?I have a good look Somethign like that.------Wearing A Cherry Red Dress To A Wedding?I like females in jeans. It makes them look more city like and it generally does not look like they are trying too hard but if you're trying to get this guys attention, this may well not be what you would like------What would you call my style???? :)?It's really cute and laid back. I think it's more of a girly style with a slight edge.Also, if you want to add details, you can. It's under the edit link on your question or something.------I need a new wardrobe for fall I'm 23. I want advice on what basic essentials I should get to mix and makeGet classic clothes that don't go out of style, and accessorize. The accessories can change with time and you can wear the same clothes as a base. You keep up with fashion trends this way, and save money too.------Where can I find a sweater dress for a reasonable price?urban planet, urban outfitters, costa blanca....those are the only ones i can think of, and i dont know if you have one near you or not.also, a good suggestion, thrift stores! cheap, and you never know what youll find:)------Fall wardrobe for school aged children?my daughter wears uniforms, so i replace them as needed. i never went heavy into shopping as they had plenty of clothes from the summer to last a few months into the school year. i replaced clothes as need then, too------I'm 15 and going to a Georgia wedding in November. What should I wear?!?This is a pretty dress, it's short so not too dressy, but still elegant. Forever 21 has lots of cute dresses...and cheap! ------Why do people think that western riders are pur redneck hillbillies that don't care about their horse?Same reason people think english riders are stuck up snobs that wear their jods so tight so the sticks don't fall out of their butts. Ignorance and bigotry.There are amazing riders of both disciplines. And total jerks in both.------Survey: What is your style? (GIRLS)?1. jeggins and pumps and top and cardigan2. demin skirt and tank top (if its actually hot)3. jeans/jeggins or skirt with tights, uggs and hoodie4. jeggins and hoodie, pumps or uggs5. hollister, river island, primark..random ones6. pink7. down and straightened------What do you think? I'll answer yours if you answer mine. A little bit long, but please help. I'm confused!?It does sound like he likes you, but he may be shy about it or unsure of what to do. You may need to make the first move if you really want something to happen between the two of you------for grae 8 grad i have a dress its like not straps or tube tops its full length and full sleeves but all the?Psh no,it sounds like there trying to be too grown up and to slut-like.As long as your dress is pretty and is not covering your body from the top pf your head to the floor, u should be fine.------Have no idea what to wear on first day?!? would work well :) I suggest lose fitting but not baggy shirt with shorts or boyfriend jeans :P------what is this fall's fashion?cuffed high boots, skinny jeans, and stripped long sleeve sweaters. Thick belts around the waist with a long white shirt and black leggings, kimono styke dresses and peep toe shoes... Try looking at this months issues of Lucky fashion magazine and glamour.
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